The Egyptian coastal city of Alexandria, which has survived invasions, fires, and earthquakes since its foundation by Alexander the Great more than 2,000 years ago, now faces a new threat in the form of climate change. It is also one of the oldest cities in Egypt, located 225 kilometres northwest of Cairo and is a sprawling metropolis with a population of about 1.2 million people, the largest of its kind in North Africa. Alexandria (named after its founder Alexander I of Egypt) stretches from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic and Red Sea and is the second largest city in Africa after Cairo.
The Macedonian ruler Alexander the Great was founded by Alexander I of Egypt and his son Alexander II. During this period, the Alexandrian community maintained close relations with the Jews of Cairo and other Egyptian cities, often asking for help in the liberation of Jews captured by pirates. Egyptian counterparts, there were Jews and Greeks living and working in Alexandria, which meant a place where Western civilization touched the base with African and Asian civilizations.
After leaving Egypt, Alexander appointed Cleomenes (Greek: Cleomenes) Naukratis) to build a new city and settle it. Chief architect Dinocrates was appointed to spearhead the project that would see Alexandria as the Hellenistic center of Egypt, replacing Naukratis and linking Greece with the rich Nile Valley.
The building was designed by Sostratus and initiated by Alexander's brother-in-law Alexander the Great and his son, Emperor Alexander II. Persian rule, in which he helped to free the Egyptians from it and made Egypt his temporary homeland. But under the rule of Iran, under which Alexander the Great helped to free them, he also made them his permanent homeland.
A few months after the foundation of the city Alexander left Egypt for the East and never returned to his city. His rule came to an end when the Arabs conquered Egypt in 641 and decided to found a new capital south of Cairo.
After becoming governor of Egypt, Ptolemy managed to bring Alexander's body back to Alexandria and bring it to BCE. After Alexandria replaced the former Egyptian capital Memphis, the new capital filled the vacuum of political and commercial resources after Alexander destroyed Tyre, a major port city. After the war with Diodachi he began the rule over Egypt in 642 and displaced the old capital Memphis. Alexandria was supported by a large number of wealthy merchants from the Middle East and the Persian Empire. P to bring his body back from Alexandria, where he became governor of Egypt.
Today Alexandria is Egypt's second largest city and has a thriving port with over 2.5 million inhabitants. It also houses the largest museum in the world, the Egyptian National Museum.
The artefacts and archaeological finds are on display, and its enormous size and high standard of preservation make it one of the most popular tourist attractions in the world. There are a number of fascinating places to visit, but there are simply the best things to do in Alexandria, Egypt. To inspire you on your journey, here is a list of some of them and to help you put it all together, you can find the list and highlights of Alexandria Egypt here. This is the perfect opportunity to visit and be surprised by all the fascinating things you will see and visit.
First you will travel to Cairo where you will visit some of the most famous monuments of Egypt, such as the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Pyramids and the Sphinx. They will travel to Memphis, An ancient Egyptian capital, located 30 km from Cairo. We will visit ancient Egypt and its ancient city of Memphis (capital of ancient Egyptians), located in the city 30 km away. Cairo And it is one of Egypt's most popular tourist attractions.
While it is easy to get carried away by the bustle of Cairo, Alexandria offers a much more relaxed Mediterranean lifestyle. Cairo and Alexandria are Just a few hours drive from each other, arrive in time to enjoy an authentic Egyptian lunch in a local restaurant.
The Citadel of Qaitbay is one of the best activities in Alexandria Egypt and offers you the opportunity to rediscover the recent history of the city. Alexandria beach is the "best in Egypt but not in the Mediterranean" and a popular destination for tourists and vacationers alike. If you are interested in cities like Cairo and Aswan, Alexandria should be on your list. For people who want to travel to Egypt or enjoy a slow and relaxed vacation, the Alexandria, Egypt Tour remains the popular choice for people.
The Qaitbay Citadel was built in 1480 AD by the Mamluk Sultan al-Ashraf of Qait Bay and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the city of Alexandria Egypt.
Alexandria's position as a port city on the Mediterranean meant that it was occupied for thousands of years and became a major Greek city in Egypt. While Alexandria is today an important economic centre of Egypt and has inhabitants of all faiths and religions, Alexandria was an important commercial and cosmopolitan place in the Middle Ages. While the religious sites in Alexandria may not be as grand as in Cairo, they are magnificent.